No Code API automation – API Monkey

Karate for API Testing

We have various tools available on the market, such as Postman, Mocha, and Chai, in order to be able to work on API testing. The results have been good and effective in testing APIs but they are strongly influenced by code. In order to use these, you must know programming languages technically and well.

Karate is a test automation framework that offers open-source capabilities for script calls into HTTP endpunkte and asserts the expected JSON or XML responses. Karate is another BDD test framework built on Cucumber. Testing framework. However, unlike Cucumber, tests in the Gherkin file do not write in Java but are implemented in Java.

With the “.feature” extension a Gherkin file is saved. It starts with the keyword Feature, and then the name of the feature on the same line. It also includes various test scenarios, each starting with the Scenario keyword and consisting of multiple steps with Given, When, And And, and But keywords.

What is Karate Framework?

The karate framework follows the Cucumber style of writing the BDD program. Non-programmers can easily understand the syntax. And this frame is the only API test tool with a single standalone tool that combines API Automation and performance testing. This allows users to run parallel test cases and to conduct JSON & XML inspections.

For non-programmers, Karate is designed to be simple. This feature is a game-changer because, irrespective of the technical background or capacity of many people, it enables more use and access.

The following types of tests can be conducted with no need to write additional code:

  • REST API request testing.
  • UI testing.
  • Mocks writing.
  • Load testing.

Features of Karate Testing Framework

  • Use the Gherkins language that is easy to understand.
  • No technical knowledge of programming like Java is needed.
  • It is based on the popular standards of Cucumber.
  • A framework is easy to create.
  • Parallel testing is the core function of karate itself, therefore we don’t have to rely on Maven, Gradle, etc.
  • UI for the test debug.
  • Removing from a different file a feature file.
  • It supports in-house data driver testing, so no external frameworks are necessary.
  • Built-in residual native reports. Moreover, for better UI reports and greater clarity, it can be integrated with Cucumber.
  • Supports in-house configuration switching across various test environments (QA, Stage, Prod, Pre-Prod).
  • CI/CD integration support that can be useful without interruption.
  • Can handle different HTTP calls like Web Socket support, SOAP request, HTTP, Browser cookie handling, HTTPS, HTML form, and XML application.

Tools required for working with Karate Framework

Eclipse, Maven, Gradle, and Java Environment are the processes and tools required to set the karate environment.

  1. Eclipse: In the field of computer programming, Eclipse is an integrated development environment. The programming is mainly used in Java. For the API test software, Eclipse is an API test IDE. This is another reason, and this is a very strong reason to opt for this tool. It’s a free source tool. IntelliJ, Visual Studio, and other editors on the market can be used.
  2. Maven: Maven is a powerful POM-based project management tool (project object model). It is used for building, reliance, and documenting projects written in C#, Ruby, Scala, and other languages. The Maven project is hosted in the former Jakarta Project by the Apache Software Foundation.

The following dependencies will be used with Maven in pom.xml.

<dependencies>          <dependency>                  <groupId></groupId>                  <artifactId>karate-apache</artifactId>                  <version>0.9.5</version>                  <scope>test</scope>           </dependency>           <dependency>                    <groupId></groupId>                    <artifactId>karate-junit4</artifactId>                    <version>0.9.5</version>                    <scope>test</scope>             </dependency></dependencies>
  1. Gradle: Gradle is an alternative to Maven and can be equally used. Gradle is a multi-language software development construction automation tool. It supports languages such as Java, C/C++, and JavaScript. Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the whole lifecycle of development from code compilation and packaging to website publication.

Java Environment setup in your System: Need to start with karate frame scripts by setting JDK and JRE environment.

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